ESSAY ON FLOOD IN ENGLISH 200,500 AND 1000+ WORDS FOR ALL CLASS AND ALL TYPES OF EXAMS
ESSAY ON FLOOD IN ENGLISH
Floods are one of the most dangerous natural disasters. This occurs when excessive water is collected in any area. It is usually caused by heavy rainfall. There is a high risk of floods in India. There are many areas in the country that face this natural disaster due to the overflowing of rivers. In addition, it is also caused by the melting of ice. Another cause of the flooding is when the dam breaks.
If we look at coastal areas, hurricanes and tsunamis are responsible for floods. In this essay on floods, we will look at flood prevention and its after-effects. In other words, whatever the reason may be, it is equally dangerous. This has very harmful consequences. Floods cause damage to living conditions and it takes a long time to recover from this disaster. Therefore, one should know the consequences of floods and take steps to prevent it.
Effect of flood
Interrupted with the day-to-day functioning of the flood-affected area. Severe floods sometimes cause mass destruction. Many people and animals lose their lives due to floods. Many others are injured. Floods also increase diseases. Stagnant water attracts mosquitoes due to malaria, dengue, and more diseases.
In addition, people face power cuts due to electrical hazards. They also face expensive pricing. As the supply of food and goods becomes limited, prices naturally increase. This is a major problem for the common man. Most importantly, the entire country faces economic losses. A hefty amount of resources is required to save people and deal with this disaster. At the same time, citizens lose their homes and cars, for which they devoted their entire lives.
Subsequently, floods also disrupt the environment. This causes soil erosion and degrades soil quality. We are lost on fertile earth. Similarly, floods also cause damage to flora and fauna. They damage crops and displace trees. Thus, measures should be taken to avoid these serious consequences.
Ways to prevent flood
The government and citizens must work together to devise ways to prevent floods. Proper awareness of the steps to be taken in the event of flooding should be spread. A warning system should be set up so that people have enough time to protect themselves. In addition, areas that are more prone to flooding should have higher buildings above the flood level.
Further, there should be an efficient system for storing excessive water due to rain. This will prevent excess water. One of the most important steps is to strengthen the drainage system. This can avoid waterlogging which will prevent flooding. In addition, the dams should be constructed strongly. Dams are broken by the use of cheap materials. The government should ensure that the quality of dams is built to prevent flooding. Causes of Floods
We have divided the causes of floods in two phases. Natural and unnatural floods, we will first discuss natural floods.
Floods due to natural causes are called natural floods.
(1) Excess of rain – Sometimes there is a lot of continuous rainfall at one place due to which there is waterlogging all around and in some time it takes the form of flooding.
(2) Cloud Burst – Due to the bursting of the cloud, a large amount of water flows in a few hours, due to which the water flows at a fast speed and a flood situation arises, the clouds mostly burst in the mountainous areas. In our country, the Uttarakhand state gets flooded due to cloudburst almost every year.
(3) Melting of ice from the glacier – Due to the increase in the temperature of the Earth, the glaciers begin to melt more and more snow, due to which the water flows from the hills at a high speed and this water is so high. That one can easily take out any city or village and submerge it completely.
(4) When rivers are overflowing – excess rainfall or melting of snow causes a large amount of runoff into the rivers, causing the river to leave its path and flow around and flood the lowlands of villages and cities near the river. It comes.
(5) Sea Flood – The earliest flood of the sea is also called a tsunami. It comes when either a cyclonic storm or a strong earthquake occurs in some parts of the sea, due to which high waves rise and the water of the sea enters the cities and villages. Which creates a flood environment. Due to this, the coastal areas of the sea are very badly affected. The waves of a sea storm can be up to 10 feet, which is much higher than the height of any one’s house.
Unnatural floods are caused by the work done by humans.
(1) Dam Breakdown – Large dams are built by humans for water collection, but due to corruption and poor construction, the dam is not strengthened, which breaks the dam filled with thousands of liters of water in a few years.
Due to this, there is a rapid flow of water and the areas around the dam are submerged in water. This ward comes suddenly, due to which people do not even get a chance to recover and there is more loss of life and property.
(2) Flooding due to Global Warming – Global Warming This situation has been created by humans only because indiscriminate trees are being harvested by humans, as well as such a large amount of pollution, is being spread.
Due to which the temperature of the earth is increasing and at the same time the atmosphere of the earth is also changing due to which there is a lot of drought at some places, there is a lot of rain at some places and due to the increase in the temperature of the earth, the ice on the glaciers Millions of liters of water deposited in the form starts melting due to which flood situation arises.
(3) Plastic pollution – In India, a large amount of plastic is used and then this plastic is thrown in such open places but this plastic gets trapped in the hair made to drain water due to which Whenever it rains, the water does not get out of the hair and the flood situation arises.
In short, we cannot stop natural causes like rain and the melting of glaciers. However, we can prevent man-made causes such as breaking of dams, poor drainage systems, installing warning systems and more. We should take inspiration from countries like Singapore which do not experience flooding despite heavy rainfall for most of the year.
ESSAY ON FLOOD IN ENGLISH 500 WORDS FOR ALL TYPES OF EXAMS
ESSAY ON FLOOD IN ENGLISH
10 LINES ON FLOOD ESSAY IN ENGLISH
ESSAY ON FLOOD IN ENGLISH